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How to start IAS-UPSC EXAM Preparation
If you are starting on your own, to begin with follow the initial steps-
1-Analysis of previous question papers
2-Understanding of Syllabus
3-Read a good newspaper daily preferably The Hindu or Indian Express.
4-Read all basic NCERTs before reading reference books.
5-Reading of basic study material/reference books.
6-Read YOJANA and KURUKSHETRA magazine monthly.
7-Start writing-This will be the deciding factor in the Mains.
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UPSC Chairman gives tips to IAS/IPS aspirants
UPSC chairman D P Agrawal gave some thoughtful tips to the civil service aspirants.
Chahal Academy from Ahmedabad summarizes them here for the benefit of its readers.
Respect your culture, society and language to learn about your country and equip yourself before aspiring for civil service jobs, UPSC Chairman DP Agrawal said.
He was very critical about aspirants who have the habit of reading only one newspaper.
"Read more newspapers, including regional language dailies, to get a more balanced approach towards issues and to get more informed, " he advised.
Avoid coaching centers which are not good. "Students, who have to be part of the universities, quit the universities for attending coaching centres but the coaching centres turn them into machines for mugging up things. One should study a subject in its depth, " he said.
He stressed on in depth knowledge saying, 70 per cent of science and engineering graduates who aspire for civil services prefer humanities as an optional subject. In that case, one has to go beyond peripheral knowledge to score high. One has to study in-depth about his or her village, district, state and country before accumulating knowledge about the world. You should first be interested in knowing more about the society you live, " he said.
He refuted the charge that the Commission was differentiating between languages. He said, 'maximum freedom is given to choose languages. The Commission supports all languages in the 8th Schedule. We are committed to respecting languages. The conclusion that we are against a particular language is not true, ' the UPSC chairman said.
Agrawal pointed out that irrespective of the language chosen for the main exam, there is an option to select any language for the interview. "There will be interpreters to translate. We take expert interpreters from Parliament. But one has to give clear answers. In case of interpreters making mistakes we will blacklist them, " he said.
Commenting further on interview, the chairman said, "it is not the judgment of one's expertise on a subject; however, if you don't know or remember what you have studied a few years back, it cannot be taken lightly." In the interview, normally, questions are simple. One has to speak from the heart with all honesty. However, candidates have a tendency to speak lies about even hobbies which will not do them any good. "So be yourself, face the exam and interview honestly. Only innate qualities will help you, " he advised the civil service aspirants.
Speaking about the newly introduced paper of Ethics, the UPSC Chairman admitted that the paper was a little tough this year. However, all the questions were about Indian ethos. "If you don't know the country, the development scenario, you cannot mug up, " he said.
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Importance of Newspapers for UPSC Exam Preparation
Newspaper is an important part for the preparation of civil services exam(CSE). Newspaper can be useful in two ways during CSE.
• First, it will provide the data which is useful in prelims and mains.
• Secondly, it is also helpful in forming reasoned opinion which will help in ESSAY as well as questions in mains exam. Reading newspaper daily is a habit but reading it for the preparation point of view is an art.
• The Hindu is most prescribed newspaper for civil service aspirants. Depending on time and optional paper one more newspaper can be followed like Indian express, Economic times etc.
In order to best judge what to read in the newspaper look at last few years question papers and check what are the kind of questions asked in the exam. There is no absolute rule about what to read in newspapers but issues like mentioned below necessarily be followed properly
1. Government policies, administrative reforms etc.
2. Various bills
3. Election related items
4. International issues related to or important for India, Bilateral visits of prime ministers and presidents, Treaties signed, Imp. news of IMF/ WORLD BANK etc. , Major issues like Ukraine crisis etc.
5. News related to economy in Government, SEBI, RBI, Planning Commission etc. And various important numbers like IIP, GDP, CPI etc.
Page wise necessarily read News in Front page, Economy page, International affairs page, Science and technology page and Editorials page. Try to avoid political news, micro news and Political parties internal news.
After finishing the newspaper try to make note of important news and points on the newspaper for further reading. If read properly newspaper can help candidate push towards it's goal of clearing the exam.
Consistency in studies is basic requirement for success in UPSC. Remember small steps daily makes a huge difference. Try to design a proper strategy for exam, based on your strength and weaknesses. Strategy should include covering full syllabus and multiple revision as well.
Try to develop a timeline for entire syllabus, meaning you should design how much time you would take for particular topic. That will help you in judging yourself, that how far behind you are in your plan.
TIPS FOR UPSC EXAM PREPARATION
1- Start from the NCERT’s
2-Newspaper reading is a must
3- Study reference books
4- Brush up your writing skills
5- Revise, Revise, Revise.
How to start preparation for upsc exam
As you have seen upsc-cse exam has long syllabus, it needs time to study thoroughly every section. Preparation should be started around a year before the exam (although it vary individual to individual).
One should start with the basics and for this NCERT books are very useful. It should be followed by in depth study of relevant topics from graduation level text books in relevant subjects and topics.
Questions are generally based on basic concepts and their application. Candidate should try to focus on understanding the concepts. Special attention should be provided to topics which are currently in news.
Each of the general studies paper carry 250 marks and in total they make 1000 marks. Thus it is obvious that weightage of General Studies has increased a lot in Civil Service Exam. General studies now constitute close to 57% of weightage in the mains examination, earlier it used to be 30% of the mains paper, it becomes necessary to have a sound strategy for General Studies paper.
UPSC mentions that nature and standard of questions in Civil Service Examination General Studies papers i.e. Paper II to Paper V, will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. So topics related to national importance and social relevance become extremely important. Similarly important international events related to economy, polity or international relations are also extremely important.
Scheme of Preliminary Examination
The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) each of 200 marks and carries a total of 400 marks. The question papers are set both in Hindi and English. Each paper is of two hours duration. Blind candidates are allowed extra time of twenty minutes for each paper.
The UPSC prelims exam is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Exam forms the basis to be declared qualified to write the Mains Exam but will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.
The number of candidates qualified to write the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in that year in the various Services and Posts.
The syllabus for the Preliminary Exams for UPSC Paper-I:
o Current events of national and international importance.
o History of India and Indian National Movement.
o Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
o Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
o Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
o General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change
o General Science
o Each topic is thoroughly covered in classroom sessions at chahal academy.
The syllabus for the Preliminary Exams for Paper-II:
o Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
o Logical reasoning and analytical ability
o Decision-making and problem-solving
o General mental ability
o Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)
o Each topic is thoroughly covered in classroom sessions at chahal academy.
Services available under UPSC CSE EXAM
Vacancy for following 24 services are filled through civil services examination every year conducted by UPSC.
Indian Administrative Service
Indian Police Service
Indian Foreign Service
Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group A
Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Central Excise), Group A
Indian Postal Service, Group A
Indian Defence Accounts Services, Group A
Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group A (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
Indian Revenue Services (IT), Group A
Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group A
Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group A
Indian Defence Estates Service, Group A
Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group A
Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group A
Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group A
Indian Audit & Accounts Service, Group A
Indian P& T Accounts & Finance Service, Group A
Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Services, Group B
Indian Trade Service, Group A (Gr. III)
Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group B.
Indian Corporate Law Service, Group A
Armed Forces Headquarter civil service, Group B (Section Officer’s Grade)
Pondicherry Police Services, Group B
Pondicherry Civil Services, Group B
AN OVERVIEW OF CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION
o The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive exam in India conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to various Civil Services, including IAS, IFS, IPS, IRS among others. The examination is one of the toughest examinations in India with success rate of 0.1%-0.3% with more than 900, 000 applicants. It is conducted in two phases - the Preliminary examination, consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies and Aptitude Test), and the Main examination, consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type followed by the Personality Test (Interview). The entire process from the notification of the Preliminary examination to declaration of the final results takes roughly one year. Best coaching for upsc exam in ahmedabad is given by chahal academy
Happy Republic Day to all. Proud to be an Indian. Jai Hind.
Best Coaching Institutes for UPSC Preparation in Ahmedabad
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